Friday, May 22, 2020
DNA is a term that has been used in science as well as in many parts of daily life. The general public knows that DNA is a part of our bodies but they may wonder what exactly is DNA? DNA is a term used for deoxyribonucleic acid and it is the genetic material of all organisms, it is the molecule of life and it determines all of our physical characteristics. DNA is present in every single form of life. More than 50 years after the science of genetics was established and the patterns of inheritance were clarified, the largest questions remained unanswered: How are the chromosomes and their genes copied exactly from cell to cell, and how do they direct the structure and behavior of living things? Two American geneticists, GeorgeÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬Å"To make a new, identical copy of the DNA molecule, the two strands unwind and separate at the bases which are weakly bound; with more nucleotides available in the cell, new complementary bases can link with each separated strand, and two double helixes result.Ã¢â¬ (Caldwell) Since the Ã¢â¬Å"backboneÃ¢â¬ of every chromosome is a single long, double-stranded molecule of DNA, the production of two identical double helixes will result in the production of two identical chromosomes. The DNA backbone is actually longer than the chromosome but is tightly coiled up within it. This packing is now known to be based on minute particles of protein known as nucleosomes, that can only be seen under the most powerful electron microscope. The DNA is wound around each nucleosome to form a beaded structure. The structure is then further folded so that the beads associate in regular coils. Thus, the DNA has a Ã¢â¬Å"coiled-coilÃ¢â¬ configuration. After the discoveries of Watson and Crick, the question that remained was how the DNA directs the formation of proteins, compounds central to all the processes of life. Proteins are not only the major components of most cell structures, they also control virtually all the chemical reactions that occur in living matter. The ability of a protein to act as part of a structure, or as an enzyme affecting the rate of a particular chemical reaction, depends on its molecular shape. This shape, in turn,Show MoreRelatedDna Analysis On Dna And Dna1535 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction DNA stands for deoxyribonucleic acid. DNA is the genetic material of life and is made up of monomers called nucleotides. Nucleotides are monomers made up of a phosphate group, a sugar, and a nitrogenous base. (Freeman, 2014) The way that DNA is able to store information is in its nitrogenous bases. There are four different types of nitrogenous bases that DNA strands contain: adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C), thymine (T). These nitrogenous bases in DNA are each different,Read MoreDNA Adaptation In DNA1746 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageshuman body operates is due purely to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s genetic disposition. This is due to the way proteins are produced. In protein production, DNA is read three base pairs at a time making up for a codon which codes for a specific amino acid. These amino acids are produced in translation, and they will be strung together by something called tRNA to make full proteins. In DNA replication, there are many factors that determine the efficiency and effectiv eness of what product is achieved and how it functionsRead MoreDn Dna And Dna1128 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesQuestion 1 To clone complementary DNA (cDNA), it is necessary to obtain a library including the sequence of interest. Then the clones that are of interest are isolated and tested to ensure they are the right clones. cDNA is then synthesized through reverse transcription by the reverse transcriptase enzyme which yields a complementary DNA from the RNA. The cDNA is incorporated into a vector to allow for manipulation. Screening is then done using cultures such as E.coli bacterial lawns. The cDNA isRead MoreDna Analysis : Dna And Dna2142 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pages DNA polymerases are vital in how an organism can sustain life. DNA polymerases are enzymes that synthesize DNA molecules from deoxyribonucleotides and are accountable for DNA replication. They are absolutely critical for DNA replication and will typically work in sets so that they can create two identical sets of DNA strands from one single strand of DNA. DNA polymerase will catalyze the reaction: deoxynucleoside triphosphate + DNAn diphosphate + DNAn+1. DNA polymerases are extremely importantRead MoreDna And Sequence Of Dna Essay1609 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is a self-replicating nucleic acid that carries the genetic information in cells in a double helix structure. The 2 stranded helix is composed of 4 nucleotides, Adenine (A), Thymine (T), Guanine (G), and Cytosine (C). The base pairs only form between A and T connected by 2 Hydrogen bonds and G and C connected by 3 hydrogen bonds. Foremost DNA wrapping comes about as DNA wraps around protein called histones. These combined loops of DNA and protein are called nucleosomesRead MoreDna, Evidence, And Dna Evidence997 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagestestimony, documentary evidence, real evidence, exculpatory evidence, inculpatory evidence, demonstrative evidence, and DNA evidence. However, the piece of evidence I will choose to talk about is DNA evidence which is also known as DNA profiling. This piece of evidence changed the landscape of the justice system when it was first introduced 1986 by Professor Alec Jeffreys; he developed DNA fingerprinting techniques to link two rapes/murders to a perpetrator named Colin Pitchfork while exonerating an innocentRead MoreDna And Ethics Of Recombinant Dna1601 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Recombinant DNA and Ethics Brooke Boland BIO/410 - Genetics October 23, 2017 Miranda Gauthier Recombinant DNA and Ethics Recombinant DNA technology has become a powerful influence to many fields including medicine, pharmaceuticals and agriculture. Genetic modifications of plants, animals and other organisms have allowed scientists to improve the quality of human life. As genetic engineering continues to rapidly grow, many ethical, social and legal issues arise evaluating the risksRead MoreDna Analysis : Strawberry Dna Extraction1685 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Strawberry DNA Extraction Sara Awad 795149 Read MoreDna Damage, Repair, And Dna Methylation Essay1263 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdamaged DNA seems to be an understudied subject, there is much to understand on the restoration of DNA damage, repair and DNA methylation. Genomic DNA can be modified by methylation but much of it is affected on a gene when silenced. When epigenetic modification has been implicated with cancer and aging it causes DNA methylation to also have an impact on the double strand of DNA analysis. Modification as such provoke deteriorating changes like aging found in multicellular organisms and DNA damageRead MoreDna Essay778 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAbstract This paper explores the history and some interesting facts about DNA. The last couple centuries have seen an exponential growth in our knowledge of DNA. The history of the DNA can be traced back to multiple devoted scientist. This article attempts to summarize, and review the basic history of DNA while providing some fascinating information about it. A Brief Historic Review Throughout the early 19th and 20th century, many scientists have studied deoxyribonucleic acids in
Thursday, May 7, 2020
Naturalistic Observation of StudentÃ¢â¬â¢s in a Coffee Line In the United States, 85% of adults own a cell phone, with 18 to 24 year olds texting the most (Zickuhr, 2011). Of these adults, 67% reported that they check their phone even if they do not hear it ringing, 44% sleep with the phone beside their bed, and 29% reported they could not live without their cell phone (Smith, 2012). In addition, according to the Baylor University report, studies show that young adults check their phone an average of 60 times a day. This study examined cell phone use among university students that were alone and in a group. Specifically, we were interested in observing whether students alone in a coffee line or students in a group in a coffee line, spent more or less time on their cell phone. We were also interested to observe if gender affected cell phone usage and whether males or females were more likely to be in a group. The purpose of this study was to determine if university students that are alone spend more or less time on their phone than students that are in a group. We also examined if gender was an important factor on whether a student was in a group or alone. Using naturalistic observation, we calculated the amount of time individual students were on their phone per three minute time interval. The hypothesis was that students alone in a coffee line would spend the most time on their phone. We also predicted that women were more likely than men to be in a group. MethodShow MoreRelatedSocial Medias Negative Influences on Social Interaction Essay examples6703 Words Ã |Ã 27 PagesConclusionÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦23 ReferencesÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..Ã¢â¬ ¦.25 Abstract The purpose of this paper is to observe complete strangers and familiar groups of people in a coffee shop setting, and a college setting, and document the use of social media and their interactions with other people. The goal of these observations is to see how much people socially interact with one another, and how much time people seclude themselves through the use of social media. The observer will also record the numberRead MoreMarketing Research and Information Systems47836 Words Ã |Ã 192 Pagesrisks. Marketing research is charged with helping to reduce such uncertainties, ...but will never remove it. At best, marketing research will increase the probability that the decisions which management has to take will help attain the organisation s marketing objectives. Chapter Objectives The objectives of this chapter are to: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Define the role of marketing research in decision making Ã¢â¬ ¢ Outline the contents of a research brief Ã¢â¬ ¢ Outline the contents of a research proposal, and Ã¢â¬ ¢ Explain inRead MoreThe Effects of Advertising on Children33281 Words Ã |Ã 134 PagesThis report was prepared by the Bond University Centre for New Media Research and Education between August and November 2006. The research team was Dr Jeffrey E. Brand (Director), Dr Mark Bahr (Psychology), Ms Jill Borchard and Ms Tanya Neves, (PhD students at the Centre). This research was conducted by independent researchers and the conclusions do not necessarily reflect the views of ACMA. Australian Communications and Media Authority 3 Television Advertising to Children Executive summary Read MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words Ã |Ã 1573 Pagesand permission should be obtained from the publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrieval system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. To obtain permission(s) to use material from this work, please submit a written request to Pearson Education, Inc., Permissions Department, One Lake Street, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458, or you may fax your request to 201-236-3290. Many of the designations by manufacturersRead MoreOrganisational Theory230255 Words Ã |Ã 922 Pagessterling service in bringing together the very diverse strands of work that today qualify as constituting the subject of organisational theory. Whilst their writing is accessible and engaging, their approach is scholarly and serious. It is so easy for students ( and indeed others who should know better) to trivialize this very problematic and challenging subject. This is not the case with the present book. This is a book that deserves to achieve a wide readership. Professor Stephen Ackroyd, Lancaster UniversityRead MoreOrganisational Behavioure23151 Words Ã |Ã 93 Pagesand moods to OB issues. 3 4 Describe external constraints on emotions. LEARNING 258 OBJECTIVES ROBBMC08.QXD.0132431521 12/15/05 12:25 PM Page 259 CHAPTER 8 Emotions Can Be Powerful teve Wynn, the famous hotel S on the grounds of his flagship hotel and mogul, is an emotional person.1 casino, The Mirage. At the same time, He is known for his infectious while Wynn was in charge of the enthusiasm, as well as his temper. He once Mirage, it was
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Should TeacherÃ¢â¬â¢s Salaries Be Based on StudentÃ¢â¬â¢s Academic Performance? Is a studentÃ¢â¬â¢s failure in a class an indication that a teacher or professor did not adequately perform his or her job? There are two points of view on this issue. Many will argue that teachers should be paid on a merit system, or Pay for Performance system. There are some that believe that there are too many external factors in a class room for a teacherÃ¢â¬â¢s salary to be based on how he or she performs in the class room. We will write a custom essay sample on TeacherÃ¢â¬â¢s Pay for Performance or any similar topic only for you Order Now TeacherÃ¢â¬â¢s pay for performance will be highlighted by first discussing what is pay for performance, next, detailing the definition of teaching, and finally, exploring the question of should teacherÃ¢â¬â¢s salaries be based on a studentÃ¢â¬â¢s academic performance. Pay for performance is essentially when an employee is allowed to be partly responsible for his or her pay increase. A company will set goals as well as allow the employee to set his or her own goals and if the employee meets those goals, he or she will get a raise. These raises are based on levels of performance ranging from one to five. A level of one means that an employee failed to meet his or her expectations. A level of two means that an employee needs improvements in some areas. A of three means that an employee met his or her expectations. A level of four means that an employee exceeded his or her expectations. A level of five means that the employee far exceeded his or her expectations or as some managers imply, he or she is a Ã¢â¬Å"super employeeÃ¢â¬ . Pay for performance is designed to inspire employees to work harder so they can obtain higher raises and bonuses if they reach a certain level. Employees may also be motivated to perform better the next year. The question remains, should teachers be on this type of merit system? Teaching is conveying knowledge in formal learning institutions, whether it is a school, K-12, or a university or college. Teachers have a major influence on a studentÃ¢â¬â¢s life. They plant seeds of knowledge that continue to grow with a student. They support, empower, engage and care for their students. Today, most teachers are paid based on their seniority or academic degrees. Perhaps they should be paid based on their level of accomplishment and responsibility. Teacher evaluations should be based partly on student achievement data and their raises should be based on studentÃ¢â¬â¢s academic performance. If teachers were paid based on studentÃ¢â¬â¢s academic achievements, they would put forth more effort to provide a higher quality of teaching. Competition would be raised among teachers and a possibility of higher salaries would encourage them to perform better. If teachers were paid for their performance it might also differentiate teachers who care about their studentÃ¢â¬â¢s performance from those who only want to collect a paycheck. On the other side of the coin, there are also reasons why a teacherÃ¢â¬â¢s salary should not be based on studentÃ¢â¬â¢s academic performance. The first being that there is a lack of standard academic performance tests, which means there is no measurement criteria. There is the possibility that some teachers might give students higher grades to benefit their salaries. The strongest argument against teacher pay for performance would be that all students do not have the same level of intelligence, commitment, or determination. It may not be fair to hold a teacher responsible for a student that cannot learn or do not want to learn. Given the scenario that a teacherÃ¢â¬â¢s pay increases would be based on studentÃ¢â¬â¢s academic performance, their levels of performance could range from one to five also. A level five would indicate that all students have passed the class with a grade of B or better and performed well on a standardized test. A level four would indicate that all students passed the class with a grade of C or better. A level three would indicate that 80 percent of the students passed the class. A level two would indicate that at least 50 percent of the students passed the class. A level one would indicate that only 20 percent of the students passed the class or a student has failed the class more than once under the same teacher. Teachers that perform at level one should not receive pay increases. A performance level of three or above should receive salary increases. An example of a level one performance would be if a student failed the same class two or more times or if only four out of twenty students passed a class, then that teacher or professor obviously has not imparted the knowledge to their students that they set out to convey. An example of a level three teacherÃ¢â¬â¢s performance would be if his or her students continuously increase their academic performance or pass standardize tests. In conclusion, I assert that teacherÃ¢â¬â¢s salaries should be based on their studentÃ¢â¬â¢s academic performances. If teachers hit their levels, they should receive higher raises. It they fail their students, their salary should not increase. There are a lot of educators that would disagree with this assertion; however, given the state of our education system, a change needs to be put in place. If teachers are required to perform better and are paid better based on their performance, then students will perform better. How to cite TeacherÃ¢â¬â¢s Pay for Performance, Essay examples
Monday, April 27, 2020
Baseball, but he also helped to integrate other sports while encouraging civil rights. Although many people dont know it, baseball was not the only sport in which Jackie excelled. In 1 941 , Jackie joined the all-American football team at UCLA. This is where he was first able to show of his athletic abilities. In the same year, Jackie also played track, basketball, and baseball. He was the first student at UCLA to play on four varsity teams in the same year. In 1944, when Jackie was discharged from the army, he started to play baseball professionally.This is when Jackie Robinsons career as a professional baseball player began. When you think of baseball in the sasss, Jackie Robinsons name probably comes to mind. Jackasss career officially started when he began his training with the Montreal Royals in 1946. Throughout the season, Jackasss team mates, fans and people all around America threatened and taunted Jackie with racist comments. We will write a custom essay sample on Jackie robinson or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Even though the racial abuse was a lot to handle, Jackie Robinson got off to an outstanding start on the Royals. This led to Jackie being approached by the Brooklyn Dodgers president, Branch Rickety, in 1947.His first game on the Dodgers marked the first time that of African American played Major League Baseball. Even after Jackie died on October 24th, 1972, his long, legendary career lives on through Major League Baseball. In 1997, the 50th anniversary of Jackie Robinsons first game in the Major leagues was celebrated. This marked the day that baseball became integrated in 1947. Jackie Robinson was an outstanding baseball player and by playing baseball, he was able to change the nation. Although Jackie Robinson contributed a lot to the sports field, he was also n active member of the civil rights movement.A lot of people have learned about when Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat in the front Of the bus to a white man, but not many people realize that Jackie Robinson did the same thing. Jackie was forced to face the court-martial because he refused to sit on the back of the bus. He did this to stand up for himself and black rights. The court-martial acquitted him of the charges. He was also a participant in charity work. Charities that helped black families in poverty were a high priority for Jackie Robinson. This was important to Jackie because when he was growing up his family was very poor with little opportunities as the minorities in their communities. These charities contributed to the civil rights movement by bringing attention to the poverty spread throughout black areas of society. The most important thing that Jackie Robinson did for civil rights was support Governor Rockefeller campaign. Governor Rockefeller wanted civil rights for all and make segregation a thing of the past. His work towards the civil rights movement shows that Jackie Robinson did a lot for the nation.There is no doubt attacked Robinson is a legendary African American. If it wasnt for his contributions to the sports industry and to the civil rights movement, integration would not be how it is today. Jackie Robinson was a legend in the making growing up in Cairo, Georgia. He played on four varsity teams in the same year at UCLA and then was the first Black Major League Baseball player, After playing baseball, Civil rights became a priority in Jackasss life. For all of these reasons and many more, Jackie Robinson should be included in an exhibit in our museum.
Thursday, March 19, 2020
Cellular phone as a help to it essays Communication between one place and another has always been a problem, but as technology advances, the telephone has been developed to allow users to be able to communicate with each other over long distances. But the telephone does not permit users to utilize it outdoors since it is tied down by phone lines, so a technology-the cellular phonewas invented for better mobility. Cellular phones have changed our lives dramatically. They provide us with extra safety and comfort and with the immediate ability to call 911 in the event of trouble, as well as give us discreet access to contact in case of personal danger. Cellular phones offer the ability to reach out for help from any place and at any given time. There is no doubt that wireless devices are becoming increasingly popular and more and more intelligent. Recently, there are controversies over the purpose and use of the cell phone, some disagree and dislike the fact that cell phones are used while people are driving or at school; t herefore, bans have been imposed. However, one must take into account the security a cell phone provides to its user in cases of emergency. It is much faster and more efficient to call for help; the cell phone saves time to call for help, and ultimately helps saves time and lives. Cell phones are more a help than a hazard, and are not dangerous at all; in fact, they provide necessary usage and safety to their users. The first telephone was invented on March 10, 1876 by Alexander Graham Bell. Since then the basic concept of the telephone was further enhanced in 1947 and has continuted to develop into what it is today. The creation of the telephone then led to the invention of the more mobile and verisitile version of itthe cellular phone. As a direct result of the telephone, the Internet was later created in the late 1970's. The cellular phone has helped shorten communication barriers through the utilization of wireless waves...
Monday, March 2, 2020
Validez en EE.UU. de matrimonio celebrado en otro paÃ s Estados Unidos reconoce como vlidos los matrimonios celebrados en otros paÃ ses siempre y cuando cumplan todos los requisitos exigidos por la ley que aplica en el lugar de la boda. Esto aplica tanto a matrimonios entre una mujer y un varÃ ³n como a la uniÃ ³n entre dos personas del mismo sexo. Como consecuencia de este reconocimiento de la validez del matrimonio celebrado fuera de EE.UU. se derivan dos efectos. En primer lugar, si una persona que se casÃ ³ en otro paÃ s desea contraer un nuevo matrimonio deber ser viuda, anular su divorcio o proceder a divorciarse, lo cual puede hacer aÃ ºn cuando no tenga nacionalidad estadounidense y matrimonio se hubiera celebrado en otro paÃ s. En segundo lugar, por matrimonio como ciudadano estadounidense o residente permanente legal es posible emigrar a los Estados Unidos sacando una tarjeta de residencia conocida como green card si cumple con todos los requisitos que exige la ley migratoria. Puntos clave: validez en EE.UU. de matrimonio celebrado en otro paÃ s Si el matrimonio es vlido segÃ ºn la ley del paÃ s en el que se celebra, es vlido en EE.UU.Los oficiales consulares de EE.UU. no celebran matrimonios.El matrimonio con ciudadano o residente, por sÃ mismo, no da derecho a emigrar a EE.UU.Para emigrar a EE.UU. por matrimonio, el ciudadano o residente debe pedir a su cÃ ³nyuge Respeto por las leyes locales que regulan el matrimonio Para que InmigraciÃ ³n de Estados Unidos reconozca como vlido a un matrimonio celebrado en el extranjero, Ã ©ste debe ajustarse a la ley local del lugar en el que la pareja se casÃ ³. Hay que tener en cuenta que en algunos paÃ ses se exige a los dos novios tener la residencia allÃ para poder casarse. Adems, si uno de los contrayentes es menor de edad se va a pedir algÃ ºn tipo de autorizaciÃ ³n de los padres o tutores. Incluso en algunos paÃ ses se exigen determinados anlisis de sangre, requisito que hay que cumplir si es que asÃ se pide legalmente. Ya que para que EE.UU. reconozca como matrimonio vlido que cumpla con las leyes locales, en el caso de parejas gays es imprescindible celebrar la boda en un estado o en un paÃ s donde es legal. Si no se hace asÃ , no tendr efectos migratorios. En otras palabras, el ciudadano o residente no podr pedir los papeles para su cÃ ³nyuge, porque EE.UU. considera que no estn casados legalmente. Problemas del matrimonio por poderes para InmigraciÃ ³n Si la intenciÃ ³n es pedir la tarjeta de residencia permanente para el cÃ ³nyuge extranjero, se recomienda no casarse por poderes. Las leyes migratorias de EE.UU. exigen que el matrimonio se consume antes de aprobar cualquier peticiÃ ³n por esta causa. Los matrimonios por poderes pueden crear la sospecha de que matrimonio no se ha consumado o que se trata de un matrimonio de conveniencia para sacar los papeles. DocumentosÃ para casarse fuera de EE.UU. El ciudadano estadounidense que se casa en el extranjero deber probar quiÃ ©n es medianteÃ una identificaciÃ ³n con foto, generalmente el pasaporte americano vigente. Adems es normal que se pida documentaciÃ ³n adicional, como copia de la partida o certificado de nacimiento. Si el contrayente ha estado casado previamenteÃ deber presentar la sentencia del divorcio o la nulidad o el certificado de viudedad. Hay que tener en cuenta que posiblemente se pida que estos documentos sean traducidos al idioma del paÃ s en el que tendr lugar la ceremonia. Por otra parte una vez celebrado el matrimonio fuera de los Estados Unidos ser necesario traducir al inglÃ ©s el certificado de matrimonio para su uso migratorio. LaÃ traducciÃ ³n puede hacerla cualquier persona con un conocimiento fluido del inglÃ ©s y del otro idioma y se necesita certificar la traducciÃ ³n, lo cual puede hacerse siguiendo un modelo de carta. AutentificaciÃ ³n de documentos de matrimonios celebrados en el extranjero Dependiendo del uso que se quiera dar dentro de Estados Unidos al certificado de matrimonio de celebrado en otro paÃ s es posible que se necesite una autentificaciÃ ³n, que puede ser de dos tipos. En primer lugar, un sello que se conoce comoÃ apostilla de la Haya. La mayorÃ a de los paÃ ses de habla hispana forman parte del Convenio de la Haya y ese sello es el que se necesita para legalizar el certificado de matrimonio que se desea utilizar en Estados Unidos. En segundo lugar, para los paÃ ses que no forman parte de este convenio ser necesario obtener una certificaciÃ ³n de legalidad. Cabe destacar que, para trmites con el Servicio de InmigraciÃ ³n y CiudadanÃ a (USCIS, por sus siglas en inglÃ ©s), por regla general es suficiente una traducciÃ ³n certificada y no se exige la apostilla de la Haya. Ã ¿Bodas en embajadas y consuladosÃ de EE.UU.? Ni los cÃ ³nsules ni ningÃ ºn oficial de las oficinas diplomticas de los Estados Unidos est autorizado para celebrar bodas en el extranjero. Por ello, sÃ ³lo en casos muy excepcionales es posible que un matrimonio tenga lugar en el edificio de una embajada o un consulado. Sin embargo, en algunos casos los consulados sÃ que prestan un servicio necesario cuando algunos paÃ ses se exige por parte del contrayente extranjero una declaraciÃ ³n jurada de que tiene la capacidad legal para contraer matrimonio. Este tipo de declaraciones se pueden prestar ante un oficial consular americano que tienen poder para actuar como notarios pÃ ºblicos en el extranjero. Traer al cÃ ³nyuge extranjero a vivir a Estados Unidos El matrimonio con un ciudadano americano o residente, por sÃ solo, no da derecho a viajar a Estados Unidos ni a permanecer en el paÃ s para a vivir y trabajar. Si la intenciÃ ³n del nuevo matrimonio es vivir en EE.UU, el cÃ ³nyuge estadounidense o el residente permanente debe pedir una tarjeta de residencia por matrimonio para su esposo o mujer y tambiÃ ©n para los hijastros, si se cumplen condiciones estrictas de edad. Adems, los ciudadanos estadounidenses Ã¢â¬âpero no los residentesÃ¢â¬â tienen la opciÃ ³n de solicitar una visa K-3Ã para su cÃ ³nyuge y una K-4 hijos o hijastros en vez de seguir el proceso ordinario de peticiÃ ³n de cÃ ³nyuge. En realidad estas son unas visas muy poco utilizadas y solo son convenientes cuando los plazos de tramitaciÃ ³n de la peticiÃ ³n ordinaria de la green card para cÃ ³nyuge de ciudadano son muy largos. En estos casos siempre es mejor estar aconsejado por un abogado migratorio. En los casos de cÃ ³nyuge extranjero fuera de EE.UU. y ciudadano o residente en los EE.UU. existe la tentaciÃ ³n de que en vez de iniciar un proceso de peticiÃ ³n de la green card el cÃ ³nyuge extranjero ingrese como turista a los Estados Unidos y luego solicitar un ajuste de estatus para obtener la green card. Esa opciÃ ³n no es la correcta desde el punto de vista migratorio y puede dar lugar a que no se le permita el ingreso al paÃ s y se le expulse en el puesto de control migratorio o, si consigue ingresar, no se le apruebe la peticiÃ ³n de green card. Esto es asÃ porque se puede considerar que ingresÃ ³ al paÃ s en fraude de ley al utilizar un estatus de turista cuando su intenciÃ ³n era ingresar a EE.UU. para quedarse. En estos casos la intenciÃ ³n es fundamental y es recomendable aconsejarse con un abogado para evitar problemas con el USCIS cuando se presente la solicitud de la green card. Finalmente, cabe destacar que en los casos en los que elÃ ciudadanoÃ que desea traer a vivir a Estados Unidos a su esposo extranjero puede tener problemas muy particulares si el estadounidense siempre o en los Ã ºltimos aÃ ±os ha residido fuera de los Estados Unidos. El problema es que podrÃ a ser difÃ cil probar medios econÃ ³micos suficientes para patrocinar, tal y como lo pide la ley. Adems, para pedir los papeles se exige que el patrocinador resida o tenga como residencia principal los EE.UU. Condicionalidad de la green card En muchos casos, la green card que se obtiene por matrimonio con un ciudadano es condicional por dos aÃ ±os. Es lo que se conoce como CR-1. En estos casos se exige activamente levantar la condicionalidad.Ã Esto ocurre cuando la residencia se otorga antes de que la pareja lleve dos aÃ ±os de casados. Por el contrario, si el cÃ ³nyuge extranjero de un ciudadano obtiene su tarjeta de residencia despuÃ ©s de haber cumplido el segundo aniversario de casado su visa de inmigrante es una IR-1 y es definitiva, es decir, no necesita levantar ninguna condicionalidad. Matrimonios de conveniencia Las autoridades migratorias son conscientes de que a veces los matrimonios son una farsa y su Ã ºnico objetivo es obtener la green card. Cuando se llega a esa conclusiÃ ³n puede haber consecuencias serias. Adems, durante la tramitaciÃ ³n de los papeles puede suceder que se lleven a cabo investigaciones para intentar determinar si el matrimonio es real y siempre existe el riesgo de una denuncia anÃ ³nima sobre la finalidad del matrimonio. Test de respuestas mÃ ºltiples Para entender la green card, cÃ ³mo obtenerla, obligaciones, derechos, cÃ ³mo conservarla y cÃ ³mo es posible perderla por cancelaciÃ ³n es importante tener los conocimientos bsicos.Ã Este test de respuestas mÃ ºltiples es muy aconsejable ya que el conocimiento evita meterse en problemas de los que luego es difÃ cil salir. Este es un artÃ culo informativo. No es asesorÃ a legal.
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Management research methods - Assignment Example However, from the point of view of the consumers, it is of vital concern that the personal motivations that prompt them to make better use of the internet as shopping venue be ascertained. While many, if not all, the products sold online are also available from brick and mortar stores and other conventional venues such as through the televised home shopping network, the motivations for customers to purchase online appears to be influenced by a special set of factors which pertains exclusively to the online technology. The individual must have a strong sense of confidence in trusting the system, because (1) he/she has not physically examined the product he/she is actually buying, only being able to view a product replica on his/her monitor or screen; (2) he/she is transacting with a business entity he/she only sees onscreen, and which may be located elsewhere on the globe. Without a physical store to go to, he or she may not know how to reach the vendor if his/her claim is unsatisfied ; (3) the customer has to have his/her payment transmitted before delivery of the purchased item, thus sending the cash through electronic means is a leap of faith; and (4) release of the customerÃ¢â¬â¢s bank account or credit card number is a risky act which may be the source of identity fraud and electronic theft. These are significant issues to which high risks are attached, and savvy consumers will be usually cautious about engaging in these acts. It is therefore the result of strong motivational forces that consumers would agree to undertaking these risks in order to shop online. The survey conducted here therefore has the specific purpose of determining what the important factors are that influence an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s desire to purchase items online, despite the attendant risks. Design of the survey The survey is designed to be answered by respondents who have personally transacted a purchase over the internet. The respondents may be of any age, of either gender, and of a ny walk of life. The only disqualifying attribute is if the individual has not experienced purchasing something over the internet. In this sense, internet or online shopping includes all e-commerce facilities for retail customers online, from ordering merchandise from particular retailers, to buying something from other customers in online auctions such as the e-Bay site. The population thus includes everybody who has shopped online at least once. The size of the sample is ideally one that is representative; however, since internet shopping involves an indeterminate number of people, most likely running into the hundreds of thousands or millions with multiple transactions, then it is difficult to ascertain a representative number. The survey should therefore aim for a large number, and from observing the sample sizes shown in the different academic studies, a good number would be 250 to 350 respondents. It is also important to make sure that the locations surveyed represent as equal ly as possible all the area intended to be covered by the study. The sample selection method must ensure the highest chances of getting a representative sample, while ensuring that the intended respondents are reached and their existence and qualifications verified. Inasmuch as those who are qualified to respond to this survey are those who are exposed to and confident